Developments in Construction Technology adding wheels to the Indian Growth Story

  • By Mr Saroj Kumar Jha, Deputy General Manager, B L Kashyap & Sons Limited

Construction in India has been witnessing a gradual and steady growth in the last two years and is expected to grow considerably in the next 5 years, many thanks to the Government’s initiatives of policy changes and 100% FDI flow. Along with the growth of the industry, there is a growing trend in innovation and new technologies coming in the field of building constructions that have added to the mix. The features of evolving construction technology comprise of the following:

  1. Grade of Concrete – When we talk about the grade of concrete, it refers to the strength of the concrete. A decade ago, there was a challenge in creating high-performance concrete due to the absence of the high-grade concrete and other construction materials. However, in the recent years, innovations and technological advancements have ensured improvement in the products, process and practices of the construction industry. Now, by implementing evolving technologies, the complete strength of hardened concrete can be created with the upgraded site control method of production by the utilization of admixture and cement additives (GGBS and Micro silica) through the designed mix process. Up to M-80 grade of concrete can now be used to encase the column of structural steel, which increases the load carrying capacity of the section and add more area for space utilization, with a less sectional area and lower dead load. This is one of the best rational approaches to the selection of mix proportions with exact materials in mind containing the specific characteristics. This process results in the production of concrete with the appropriate properties most economically.
  2. Steel Structure: Steel structure concept has created a revolution in the construction industry. The advantages of steel structure are an overall economy by the lower dead load (less foundation cost), smaller sections of column/beam (Due to higher resistance properties of the section), better control on-site fabrication, erection of pillars/walls, joining (Bolting/Welding), reduces the modification and time consuming. Here, pertinent to mention is that one of the most used steel structures is Composite Steel structure in the construction industry, which BL Kashyap and Sons Ltd. pioneers in.

The following benefits are achievable by adopting Composite Slabs and Beams using Steel Decking in the constructions.

  1. Speed and simplicity of constructions due to using of material like metal decking and simple steel connections. The advantage of decking system is that the bundles of decking can be lifted and positioned through cranes and individual decks can be lifted manually. This process helps in building over 400 square meters of decking, which can be installed by one or more team in a day
  2. Saving in weight due to lighter constructions, as composite constructions are relatively stiffer than other conventional flooring systems
  3. Transportation cost of materials like decking material is reduced due to being lighter in weight, tighter packing of decks and they can be delivered in pre-cut lengths
  4. Provides protection against falling objects from the top
  5. Provides space for carrying out all parallel activities
  6. Formwork not needed or they can be the bare minimum in large spans
  1. Stationary Concrete Placing Boom: The utilization of concrete placing boom has increased the efficiency in terms of enhanced concrete pumping pressure, better reach and rugged features to counter abrasion. The properties of placed concrete are better controlled through this equipment and the stability of the structure becomes promising.
  2. System Formwork: Formwork in construction is the use of support structure and mould to create structures out of concrete. System Formwork comes with different types but Table Form / Aluminum Formwork is the best as they are strong enough to withstand all types of dead and live loads, reduces the manpower and last but not least, are very economical.




BLK Blog - Bunglows in the Sky - Facebook - Friday

Bangalore has always been known as the garden city with its lush, verdant green spaces; old warm charm bungalows and pitched roof residences. Vertical growth was a concept alien to a Bangalorean of the old.

But 2003 was a game changer. Land prices started escalating, increase in demand for dwelling units overshadowed supply and a new boom happened. It was now all about vertical growth and apartment living. Coupled with the burgeoning population, the only way to go in major metros like Bangalore today is vertical.

Earlier it was the lower to the middle-income group that would look at apartments as home options, But the tides have changed and today with the introduction of what I will call “Bungalows in the Sky”, the trend has caught up with the upper income, the so-called “Elite” also.


These “Houses in the sky” have everything a regular independent bungalow would have with the added advantage of round the clock security, 100 % Power Back-up, Concierge Services, 5-Star amenities and Clubhouses, Infinity pools, Aerial Jogging tracks, cafes and restaurants. You name it and they have it. It’s like a recreation of the definition of community living with a new dimension added to it… “Sky.”

These high-end apartments come fully loaded with Italian Marble, Wooden Flooring, Skylights in top levels, independent lifts, Italian kitchens and Panoramic Views. Customers looking for the bungalow experience are drawn to the upper levels, which are typically duplexes or penthouses.

Most of these have double heights, creating a feeling of expansiveness and volume and make the space larger than what it actually is. They have private elevators that are exclusively for the said apartment, thus creating a world of privacy in a community living environment. They have swimming pools with infinity edges on terraces; some even have private lap pools at their own terraces. They have terrace gardens providing them with their very own patch of green in the sky.


Materials and the way space is designed can add to the feeling of a living in a “Bungalow.” At the entrance, one can create a mini-haven of greenery by adding a personal touch and marking the space as their own. Most high-end apartments come with their very own lobbies thus making it easier to distinguish it with mood lighting, artwork and green being provided in the form of potted plants which can be placed in large baked and glazed urns and pots. A water feature can also be added which sounds and looks equally good. The material on the floor can be played with. Kota stone, flames granite can be used if one wants a rustic look; while Italian Marble, Composite marble or Hardwood can be used if one wants a highly polished look.

Stepping in, it’s important to create an alcove, which provides privacy and also creates a kind of transition space that further leads into the private spaces. A Mirror, a Chandelier, a baffle wall or a metallic or wooden jaali with the addition of a painting; all these enhance the nature of the alcove.

As we move further in, we have an explosion of space with double heights, panoramic views and volume. Ideally, the ceiling should be kept as high as possible and with only cove lighting and pin lights. If there are wraparound balconies, these can be laid with artificial grass or turf giving the feeling of a garden and help get nature into the home, actually enhancing the feel of living in a bungalow.


A study can be created; a den/family room can be demarcated and designed in a way to complement the style of the resident. Kitchens come with their own utilities and servants room. These can be designed and used efficiently and effectively, which enhances the livability of the space.

Italian Marble and Composite marble provide the right bit of gloss and Wooden flooring in Bedrooms provide the right amount of charm. Underlit onyx can be used in Toilets, as bar counters or Dining table tops to add extra drama to space.

Today with a variety of materials and options at our disposal it is very easy to translate an Apartment into a Bungalow in the Sky. It all lies in the attitude…Its all about going Vertical!

  • By Ms. Shruti Choudhari, Deputy Director,  B.L Kashyap & Sons Ltd

Construction 101 – Decoding The Carpet Area


A jigsaw puzzle which both developers and buyers alike are unable to decipher, Carpet Area is an unsolved nemesis that no one seems to get around with.

By Definition:

  • Carpet Area is the area enclosed within the walls; it is the actual area to you would lay a carpet end to end. This area does not include the thickness of the inner walls. In other words, it can also be described as the actual used area of an apartment.
  • Built up Area is the carpet area plus the thickness of outer walls and the balcony.
  • Super Built Up Area is the built-up area plus proportionate area of common areas such as the lobby, lifts shaft, stairs, etc. The plinth along with a share of all common areas proportionately divided amongst all unit owners makes up the super Built-up area. Sometimes it may also include the common areas such, swimming pool, garden, clubhouse, etc. This term is therefore only applicable in the case of multi-dwelling units.

There is no fixed ratio of super built-up to built-up or carpet area. The prevailing market practice is that the ratios are in the super built-up area and are marked down. That means if the super Built-up area is 1,000 sq. ft. and the carpet area is 800 sq. ft., then the latter is 80% of the built-up area. Generally, the ratios in the market are 70:30 (super built-up to carpet). But unscrupulous builders have been known to go as low as 60 percent. So a quote on a 3,000 sq. ft. apartment could mean a carpet area of anywhere from 1,800 sq. ft. to 2,400 sq. ft. In order to safeguard your interest while purchasing an apartment, always ask the seller exactly how much the super built-up area and the carpet area amount to. Also, ensure that this break-up appears in the Agreement of sale.

In Bangalore, Many property buyers do not ask developers for a break-up of the saleable area of their property that includes the carpet area, the built-up area (carpet area plus the thickness of the walls) and the super built-up area (built-up area plus common areas).

It’s relatively easy to measure your carpet area, which is the total usable area within the walls of your flat. What rankles many property buyers is the fact that developers charge them on the basis of super built-up area, which also includes common spaces like the staircase, lobby, lifts, building maintenance room, etc. Basement is not added to the common area and is typically sold separately as parking slots. The conundrum in calculating super built-up area put buyers in a fix.

In Bangalore, developers load 14% to 25% on the built-up area as common area. Many realtors in Mumbai load 40% for the same. For individual buyers, there is often no way to determine whether the payment for the common area is reasonable. “There are no standardized means of measuring the value of the common spaces component, and the justifiable extra cost it implies to the end user. There is no mechanism to determine how much cost the developer has incurred for these spaces in terms of construction materials and manpower.”

Buyers should ask for the architect’s certificate that gives a split of the saleable area. “This helps you calculate your super built-up area. If the difference between the built-up area and super built-up area is 30% or more, buyers can definitely question the developer. The norm is 15%”.Large common areas may reduce the efficiency of your carpet area.

Some developers compromise on the carpet area to provide large lobbies or staircases. A well-defined plan will make provisions for maximum efficiency. Charging on the basis of carpet area can bring greater transparency. In fact, a few years ago, a certain developer sought to do that in a project in Marathahalli. But it also meant that he had to charge a higher rate per sq. ft. compared to neighbouring ones that charged on a super built-up basis. The developer eventually had to withdraw the carpet area offer because buyers tended to only compare the prices. No developer is therefore likely to take the risk. So either real estate associations or the government needs to step in to mandate a change in the current pricing norm. If your carpet area is 1,000 sq. ft., developers load 10-12% as the plinth (wall) area, taking the built-up area to 1,120 sq. ft. They add another 14% to 25% as a common area, which takes the total to between 1,277 sq. ft. and 1,400 sq. ft. which is the super built-up area and which is what you pay for as per current norms.

Demystifying Civil Engineering – The Building Block of a Career full of Great Legacies

– By Ms. Shruti Choudhari, Deputy Director, B.L Kashyap & Sons Ltd.

“Scientists dream about doing great things, ENGINEERS do them.”

Civil Engineering is one of the world’s oldest professions. There would not have been awe-inspiring building structures around us, if not for the genius Civil Engineers who put in their hearts to build legacies that stand the test of time. From the structural design of a building, planning or the construction stages, bridge design and infrastructure to water treatment, the work of Civil Engineers has a huge impact on the daily lives of most us, no matter which geographical location.

The skill requirements for any civil engineering job varies widely based on the position. However, every civil engineer should have a strong understanding of industry and government standards, requirements, and guidelines. In addition, civil engineers should have strong analytical thinking, technical writing, and communication skills.

Here is a look through at the requisite skill-sets to become a Civil Engineer worth his weight:

1. Technical Skills – A Civil Engineer should have knowledge of a certain level of Mathematics and Physics that allows for the identification and solving of engineering problems. Calculation of loads on a structure, what kind of structural system a project requires, all falls under the civil engineer’s scope of work. Civil Engineers also need to be skilled in design techniques and working with maps, drawings and models, as well as CAD software. They need to be able to predict any possible future problems and find solutions for them.

2. Project Management – When problems arise, it is common for people involved in the project on all levels to look to the engineer for guidance and resolution. It is important that a Civil Engineer is able to step up to the task and manage a diverse team of professionals whilst maintaining the confidence of clients.

3. Leadership – Civil engineers often manage diverse teams that consist of contractors, architects, construction managers, other engineers, and more. They have to effectively lead and manage each team; making sure projects are completed successfully. Civil Engineers also need to evaluate the work of others and ensure their work is in compliance with within any applicable laws, regulations and standards. They also need to make sure that they work within set budgets and timeframes.

4. Communication Skills – In Civil Engineering, perhaps more so than other Engineering fields, the ability to communicate effectively is a highly sought-after skill. Whether dealing with PMC, Management or a client, Engineers need to be able to clearly communicate ideas and give directions leaving no uncertainty. They must also be able to listen and be open to feedback to arrive at a proper planning and decision making for the project being worked on.

5. Out-of-the-Box thinking – It could be said broadly that the role of Civil Engineers is applying Engineering principles to develop solutions within the built environment. More often than not, this requires a certain level of creativity. Engineers need to be able to innovate and improve on solutions. From finding ways to reduce CO2 emissions, solutions to challenging structures, innovative use of construction materials, prefab systems etc. – creativity is key.

6. Critical Thinking – Civil Engineers often face complex problems and need to find efficient solutions for them. They need to be able to assess the pros and cons of all possible solutions, and they need to be decisive in order to choose the best one. Intelligent decisions need to be made after analyzing all data available to ensure smooth completion of a project.

As is rightly said, “Engineering is the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and convenience of man.” A career in Civil Engineering is deeply satisfying, yet challenging; and all it takes is the right zeal and vision to excel in this hugely buoyant field, one that is only expected to bloom in times to come.

Green Buildings are the only solution for a Cleaner, Sustainable Future in the Urban Landscape

“Green Buildings are a hallmark of economically sound business decisions, thoughtful environmental decisions & smart human impact decisions “ – Rick Fedrizzi

BLK Writes - Facebook - Oct 30

Green Building Construction is any practice involved during construction of a building that limits the burdens of that practice on the environment.

Green Building looks far beyond reducing energy use and improving air quality. It takes into account a big picture approach, focusing on the inter-relationship of the various building systems – plumbing and HVAC, electrical, structure, exterior building facade, and interior finishes – rather than considering each one independently.

As a construction company with a strong belief in environmentally friendly practices, we at BLK believe Innovation is one of our core strengths.

In the pursuance of this core belief, we encourage our colleagues to identify the best solutions and technologies for our clients to make their buildings in the fastest way possible with the highest levels of quality, safety and efficiency while executing our projects. We do this in tandem with making sure our technologies are keeping environment conservation in mind.

Today, going ‘Green’ has become the need for the future, BLK has steadily become a strong player in the certified Green Projects category in the country. Since most of the IT parks, IT offices and MNCs are opting for “green” building, and most of these projects that are being constructed are LEED silver, gold or platinum rated, we at BLK are aiming to deliver cutting-edge technologies to meet the ever-evolving demand. In the pursuit of the same, Hines One Horizon Centre (Gurgaon), Bharti Realty Worldmark (Aerocity), Embassy Tech Village (Bangalore) & Hero Factories are some of the recently completed LEED Gold & Platinum certified constructions executed by our company B.L Kashyap & Sons.

Not just building ‘Green Projects’, but also doing our bit for the environment is a part of the core DNA of BLK. An example of the same has been demonstrated at the time of Hines One Horizon Centre project construction, where BLK made sure that the topsoil being removed was re-used for landscaping and the sedimentation pit has to be provided to avoid soil erosion in excavated areas. We ensure to adopt such techniques at every stage of construction of various projects across categories in order to achieve desired results.

Over the last several years, green building construction has seen a dramatic increase in India. India has the second largest green footprint at 3.59 billion square feet. Green buildings are projected to grow 20 percent in the country by 2018 estimated to be at 10 billion square feet by 2022. The leading drivers of this growth are client demand, environmental regulation and an enhanced awareness of the occupant and tenant benefits of green buildings. Energy shortage in the country has also further pushed developers to opt for the “Green” options, which in totality is beneficial for all stakeholders.

To achieve this, use of high-quality green building materials ensure that the project meets the stringent green building norms, as far as possible we avoid using materials that have a negative impact on the environment and do not result in huge wastage, making it an essential practice for green buildings. Material resource efficiency and conservation are key factors in meeting stringent green building norms as they are one of the default components that make the building “Green” certified.

New green technologies and materials are always being developed and are entering the marketplace to complement current practices in creating greener environments. However, many of these technologies and materials have not been tested long enough in the built environment in order to fully verify their performance, hence we seek extensive testing and performance data before incorporating new technologies and materials into a project.

Some of the unique eco-friendly and energy-efficient Green Building projects that BLK has constructed include:




  • High performance glasses DGU’s (double glazing units) used in façade system to achieve less thermal transmission and better acoustic properties
  • Façade is treated in such a way that the shading devices are provided to reduce the use of air conditioners
  • 85% of the external surface is glass which increases light transmission. 4.05m floor-to-floor height to harvest maximum natural light


  • Heat recovery wheels to pre cool the fresh air. Combination of water-cooled and air cooled chillers to achieve better energy efficiency. High performance chillers to achieve better IKW rating
  • Use of thermal energy storage system to reduce the power consumption by running the chillers at night
  • Basement ventilation system to maintain air quality in the basement
  • BTU meters to monitor the energy consumption for cooling at each floor level – minimizes the wastage of chilled water

During Construction:

  • Topsoil being removed and reused for landscaping
  • Sedimentation pit to avoid soil erosion in excavated areas


  • Organic waste converter and separate e-waste storage facility – where e-waste to be recycled by government-authorized vendors
  • Sludge from STP is used as manure for green landscape


  • Low flow sanitary fixtures (2/4 LPF) and (1LPF for urinals). Sewage treatment plant for reusing water for flushing
  • Roof top rainwater harvesting and reuse for domestic purpose
  • Rain water-harvesting pit to recharge the ground water and use of treated water for landscaping


  • Car charging points in the basement. High efficiency low loss dry type transformers
  • Individual energy meters for tenants to monitor the consumption of power at each stage




  • Dual Pane high performance glass cuts heat and noise while allowing natural light
  • Chillers with VFDs (Variable Frequency Drives) that optimize chilled water flow and minimize operation costs
  • Energy Efficient lighting systems with emphasis on Day lighting (Bringing sunlight deeper into the building through design innovation)
  • Use of CFLs; Correct building Orientation keeping sunlight and wind factors in mind
  • VAV system of air-conditioning to optimize air flow and decrease operating costs
  • Sensors for operating and managing VAV/HVAC
  • Natural gas based power source to fulfill energy demand

All of the above resulted in 14% reduction in energy demand as compared to a standard building.


  • Extensive storm water management
  • On site sewage treatment plant
  • Rain water harvesting & water recycling
  • Low flow fixtures and automatic sensors
  • Cobble stones and pavers used in Hard scape that promote the natural water cycle

Indoor Air Quality:

  • CO2 sensors to enable good levels of fresh air within building
  • CO sensors in the basement to maintain good air quality
  • External AHUs with UV filtration that prevent harmful microbes to enter the air conditioning systems
  • Low toxin emitting materials for interior finishes


  • Procurement of locally available environmentally friendly materials for construction
  • Use of non-hazardous paints, water proofing compounds, sealants etc.
  • Use of composite wood products
  • Recycling of sheeting systems


  • Using materials in hardscape and landscape that promote natural water cycle
  • Green Roofs covered with vegetation planted over water proofing membrane, create artificially altered surfaces by high thermal reflectance and high thermal emitting
  • Over 30% of soil cover retained
  • Minimized surface heat reduction
  • All landscape maintained through recycled water
  • Water sensitive plant groups used
  • Organic waste composite used for landscaping

The above mentioned case studies of projects that followed best practices required to limit negative impact on our environment is dependent on a lot of pre existing conditions that sometimes hamper implementation. However if knowledge is shared and benefits are highlighted and understood by the Builders and the end users, we will leave a healthier and safer environment to our future generations.

The onus lies on us to make that difference.


Innovations by Corporates & Business

By Shruti Choudhari, Deputy Director, B L Kashyap and Sons Ltd.

Innovation. What comes to your mind when you hear it?

For some, it may mean the beginning of something new, for some reinventing the old and for some it would mean finding better solutions for the future. For me, Innovation is the change that unlocks new value.

Innovation literally means “A new method, idea or product”. When you Google the actual literal meaning, interestingly words such as change, revolution, upheaval, transformation, reorganizing, restructuring, metamorphosis are the synonyms that pop up. The synonyms describe the process or road to innovation bang on.

“Every once in a while, a new technology, an old problem, and a big idea turns into an innovation”. However, what makes innovation successful? It is not about saying yes to everything but is all about saying NO to all but the most crucial features in relation with your core.

While innovating, you unleash the potential of the idea bank around you and you harness the ideas that work for you. It is a trial and error method, wherein most times, the person causing the disruption has to separate the wheat from the chaff in terms of ideas.

Innovation is Disruption. Disruption is good when you want to innovate. The only way companies can avoid Disruption today is if they were constantly doing what they did when they started the company.

If all of us in a company started thinking alike, then no one is actually thinking. Innovation should be viewed as an opportunity, not a threat, as you are simply finding a better way to do things. It is an extremely arrogant way to view things if we feel what we are doing today will be good enough tomorrow.

I believe that over time, innovation can get messy. Like Bill Coughran, Senior Vice-President, Google lucidly puts it, “Managing tensions in the organization is an ongoing issue…you don’t want an organization that just salutes and does what you say. You want an organization that argues with you. And so you want to nurture the bottoms up, but you’ve got to be careful you don’t degenerate into chaos”.

In an organization that encourages innovation, the onus lies with the leaders to create an environment that unlocks the genius in people and combines them into a collective genius (as mentioned in the Harvard Business Review publication – Collective Genius)

As leaders who head the innovation process the following capabilities need to be honed:

  • Collaborate

The process of innovation needs to be collaborative because without interplay of ideas from interactions with people of diverse expertise innovation is not possible

  • Engage in Discovery Driven learning

Where innovation arises from continuously focused experimentation, often a repetitive trail & error like method

  • Make integrative decisions (Its all about Combinational Chemistry as Einstein put it)

You can resolve problems with compromise or dictatorship. However, both of these lead to less satisfactory solutions. But if you combine ideas from group A and Group B, to find an integrative solution, this tends to give us the most creative innovations

  • Promote improvisation within a structure

Ensure people are heard, and their voices are honored. A rigid structure cannot stand the test of time, and organizations, which have rooms for improvement, are always the ones that remain at the top

  • Encourage bottom-up initiative & intervene top down.

Most innovations are results of grassroots efforts. Hence the need to create a balance between bottom-up initiatives & top-down interventions

Google, Amazon, Apple & Pixar are some of the most successful innovation-driven companies, where the people are ahead of their consumers. Amazon seems to have read the future pulse of the people very accurately. Closer to home, a great example of results of innovation can be seen in HCL. Coincidently B.L Kashyap has built their first campus in Bangalore. When Vineet Nayar joined albeit reluctantly as head of HCL, he knew the role of IT in major companies was changing. He wanted HCL to become a full partner with clients in harnessing the transformative potential of IT.

Vineet Nayar entered HCL when it was trying to compete with entrants from the West. He understood that the market had dynamically shifted and hence planned his next business moves accordingly. For Nayar, with the changing business environ, the role of IT now became central to operational success. However, the people that made the company were equally important for him as well. He created a “Value Zone” which resided in the outer edges of the company. Here resources from HCL worked with the customers to solve their problems and ultimately transform their (customers) business. The new Value Zone became the new ‘Relationship Zone’ between the HCL people and the customer, where the interface between HCL and the customer became paramount.

Another interesting management tool that Vineet Nayar introduced was a three-day meeting called “The Blueprint Meeting”. This unique concept was not centered on ‘Strategy’ but included the top hundred managers of the company doing things differently. It was decided that HCL would stop doing small jobs and only focus on larger projects. His thought behind the “Blueprint” meetings was to get the house in order so that there would be no internal obstacles that would arise when they (HCL) were competing with giants like IBM. Nayar believed that HCL could not afford in-house distractions, and he was true.

Later on, Nayar also started a “Young Sparks” team, which included 30 young employees to work on new ideas. He reinvented the role of a leader and caused disruptive innovation remarkably well. He led HCL from 2005-2013 and expanded the operation to 32 countries where the company’s revenue increased by 6 times from 764 million dollars to 4.7 billion dollars.

In fact, any company you think of, as mentioned earlier, including Pixar or Amazon, think 5 steps ahead of their customer, and are constantly innovating and disrupting markets with their innovations.

Coming back to BLK, we had been growing at 20-30% annually after our listing in 2007, which set the seeds of complacency within the company. And then the downturn happened where we faced rough waters from 2012 onwards.

Failure became our Disruption.

It made us sit up and take stock of where we had gone wrong. Our biggest failure was not our process but our people. Somewhere we had lost our core competency, which was “Heart Engineering”. We were a group of people that used to bare a piece of our souls in our work and always nourished each other with support. It was time to learn from the past, improvise the present and create the future.

Taking a page out of the books of HCL and other successful Indian enterprise behemoths who have integrated the power of innovation into their business processes, we set up a plan with the help of senior colleagues to create an atmosphere conducive to growth for the present and future . We have compiled a BLK Vision #2030 for the company centred on “Change Management.” This includes becoming completely “Tech” savvy as a company, focusing on systems and their implementations, getting standard operating procedures under six broad verticals, creating management and strategy committees at various levels, creating a bank of ideas for marketing and PR strategies and finally succession planning.

Going forward it has been a conscious decision to make our ‘PEOPLE’ our foremost priority and put the ‘CUSTOMERS’ second. Internal colleague motivation, training and the study of new technologies have started taking precedence at BLK. BLK is now looking to create a niche in the construction market as a “Thought Leader” across segments. We want to be also seen as an aspirational place to work. Keeping all the above in mind, we are revamping all internal and external communication channels and intent to project the fundamental goal of the company to be all-inclusive to its people. And, in the pursuit of attaining what we have sought out to achieve, Vijay Govindarajan’s three-box solution for innovation has really come in handy. His three box approach talks about dividing innovation into:

Box 1 – Manage the present core business at peak efficiency and profitability

Box 2 – Escape the traps of the past by identifying and divesting businesses and abandoning practices and attitudes that have lost relevance in a changed environment.

Box 3 – Generate breakthrough ideas and convert them into new products and businesses.

Success in each box requires different skills, attitudes, and leadership. Of these, Innovation is the glue that binds them together to create a winning combination.

Encapsulating all of the above in a nutshell by quoting Vineet Nayar of HCL, “I believe that if the CEO always thinks he is the owner and the doer, he will not accomplish things. It doesn’t matter if the goal is flying a rocket to the moon, digging oil holes, or getting the British out of India. I go back to my three heroes (Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela & Martin Luther King). I don’t think they did anything, instead they enabled people to do what these people thought in their hearts, was the right thing to do. That is the future of Leadership”.